Tribute to Mother Earth in the Amantani Island
Bohic Ruz Team conducted a research and filmming of one of the most important ritual in Lake Titicaca about the Pachamama (Mother Earth offering)
Filming and studying the PACHAMAMA ritual made in one of the islands of Lake Titicaca. The ritual performed on this island is one of the most important in Peru. The central ritual of the Pachamama or Mother Earth is the Challa or payment (tribute). It is made by the first day of August, throughout the month. The ceremonies are run by elderly or greater moral authority within each community people. In the case of the Aymara people this person is called "Yatiri". At the end of the ceremony Yatiri interprets the events of the year, especially regarding the results of the crops.
Previously Unknown Mayan Codex Discovered and Authenticated by Period Experts
A few days before the famous end of the Mayan cycle of 5125 years ending on 12/21/12, a new Maya Codex unknown to date has been presented to the international community. A research team has discovered an invaluable piece missing from the Mayan culture. The lost codex has been safeguarded by a family for almost three centuries. According to experts, this Codex is one of the best preserved of the 4 existing in the world with an antiquity of (+/-) 1540 AD. It is protected by carved wooden front and rear covers. In a first analysis they have intervened: Roderick McNeil, Anselm Pi Rambla, McCrone Associates and Janet G. Smith, ISA.
Problematical of El Niño affecting thousands of migratory and local birds
Anselm Pi Rambla and Bohic Ruz Team in the Paracas Reserve working on the ecological and environmental impacts due to the El Niño current.
In climatology it is called El Niño, a cyclical climate erratically syndrome, which is a change in the patterns of movement of air masses causing therefore a delay in the kinetics of the "normal" currents, triggering warming of South American waters; that causes real Worldwide damage affecting South America, Indonesia and Australia. The name "El Niño" is due to fishermen from the port of Paita in north Peru that found that the waters of the Peruvian Current or Humboldt Current, which flows from south to north off the Peruvian coast, warmed at the time of Christmas holidays of fish or fleeing south, due to a warm current from the Gulf of Guayaquil (Ecuador). This phenomenon was given the name El Niño Current,.The scientific name is El Niño Southern Oscillation (El Niño-Southern Oscillation, ENSO, for its acronym in English). It is a phenomenon with over eleven thousand years of climate history.
Remote Sensing with Drone advanced technology
Without the members of the Bohic Ruz Team it would be impossible to achieve the results obtained.
It´s a pleasure to work with the Bohic Ruz exploration team on the most risky expeditions
Research and filming works
We make films and archaeological and archaeoastronomical research in the ruins of Ollantaytambo, one of the most monumental architectural complexes of the Andes, 80 km. From Cusco in the Urubamba Valley. Commonly called "Fortress" because of its huge walls, it was actually a city-bed and a solar temple, strategically located in the famous "Sacred Valley".
The architectural type used, and the quality of each stone, worked individually make Ollantaytambo one of the works of spectacular and remarkable engineering that made the ancient Peruvians, especially in the area of the Temple of the Sun with its gigantic monoliths.
According to Pi Rambla, the sector of the Temple of the sun of Ollantaytambo, which is only a wall was not built by the Incas as announces the official archeology (DC 1440) but by an ancient culture that is still unknown. According to their research, some of the granite stones that make up this wall weighing over forty tons were transported from the mountain which is across the river of a distance of 4 kilometers with a height of over 800 meters.
Many questions arise that even conventional science could not explain: How were they transported these enormous blocks of stone from a quarry located 4 kilometers away, perched on mountain slope to the very top where the sun temple is located? How they were planted and put in place?.
Spectacular rock cut made with a totally unknown and very sophisticated technique as we can see in the photo. How they were cut and polished with such a level of perfection?. This is not achieved with tools of stone or bronze, as these materials do not make a dent in andesite and pink granite that Ollantaytambo was built. How did you managed to gather each other with such improbable perfection, you can not insert a sheet of paper in the joints? and they did it without any mortar or cement or some kind of sealant.Anselm Pi Rambla
Study the Hopi traditions with Dan Evehema Family
Bohic Ruz Team participated in an ethnological research with leaders and relatives of the spiritual Hopi leader Dan Evehema in Hoteville, Arizona
According to his tradition, the history of mankind is divided into periods they call "worlds", which are separated by terrible natural disasters: the first world succumbed by the fire, the second by the ice and the third by Water. We currently live in the fourth world, and in total, mankind must go seven. Not being verifiable historically the first two worlds, the Hopi tribal memory goes back to the time of the Third World, whose name was Kasskara. This was the name, in fact, of a vast continent located at the current site of the Pacific Ocean. But Kasskara was not the only inhabited earth. There was also the "country of the East". And the inhabitants of this country have the same origin as those of Kasskara.
The people of that country began to expand itself and conquer new lands, attacking Kasskara face of opposition from the latter to be dominated. They did it with very powerful weapons (and one immediately thinks of the devastating weapons described in ancient Hindu epics and the atomic explosion of Sodom and Gomorrah), impossible to describe. Only the elect, those selected to be saved and survive in the next world were gathered under the "shield". The enemy shells burst in the air, so that elected placed under the "shield" remained unscathed. Suddenly, the "country of the East" for some unknown reason disappeared under the waters of the ocean, and gradually began to sink Kasskara. At this time, the katchinas helped the elect to move to new land. This marked the end of the third world and the beginning of the fourth. We must clarify that, from the first world, humans were in contact with the katchinas, word that can be translated as "venerable sages." It was visible beings, of human appearance, they were never taken by gods but only as beings of knowledge and potential higher than the human being. They were able to move through the air at enormous speeds, and land anywhere. Since it was corporeal beings, They needed to travel to this displacements a flying machines, a "flying shields" -as in the Roman chronicles, like in the chronicles of Charlemagne who received different names. Today katchinas no longer exist on Earth. The katchinas dances, as well known in America today are represented by men and women as a substitute for existing beings on the old times. The katchinas could sometimes look strange, whereas they originally katchina used to make dolls for children to get used to his appearance. Today, these dolls are preferably made for tourists and collectors.
The population, according to the traditional memory of the Hopi came to the new land in three different ways. Selected to tour, inspect and prepare, they were brought there by air, on board katchinas shields. The great rest of the population had to save the enormous distance aboard boats. And it was made this journey along a string of islands in the northeast, extending to the lands of South America today.
The new land called Tautoma, which would mean "the touched by lightning." Tautoma was also the name of the first city erected on the banks of a large lake. According to current knowledge, Tautoma it identifies with Tiahuanaco while corresponds to the Titicaca Lake, in the current border between Peru and Bolivia. Subsequently, a cataclysm rocked the city, destroying it, that is the reason the population was scattering across the continent. For a long time these men from the Pacific were dealing in groups and clans on both sub-continents. Some of these clans were in the company of katchinas, who often intervened to help. The Hopi were part of the group of tribes who migrated northward, and legends recall a period when they crossed a warm jungle, and a period in which they encountered an "ice wall" that prevented them from advancing towards the north, and forced them to turn back.
TLong after these migrations there were clans that still retained the ancient doctrines. These clans came together and built a city "of a trascendental importance, which was called the red city "", which is identified with Palenque in Mexico's Yucatan. In this city it was established school of learning, whose influence can still be detected in some Hopi. The teachers of the school were the katchinas, and teaching material consisted essentially of four sections: 1. History of the clans 2. The nature, plants and animals 3. Humans, their structure and their physical and mental functions 4. The cosmos and its relationship with the maker After a period of numerous clashes between the cities established in the Yucatan, the inhabitants left the area and resumed their northward migration. During this turbulent time the katchinas left Earth. The few clans that have continued to keep alive the ancient knowledge gathered later in Oreibi, being this the reason for the special significance of this place.
After collecting all the information in these traditions on katchinas, we can say the following conclusions about these beings who, without being considered as divinities at any time and this is important, they are at the cosmic level of a direct interference in the Works with humans: they had physical body, had the appearance of men in many aspects behave like men, but they had very superior knowledge than humans. They possessed flying machines, and a mysterious shield rejecting the enemies projectiles at high altitude. They were also able to make children for women without any sexual contact. To this must be added the skills that humans learned of katchinas, the most important of which was perhaps cutting and transport of huge stone blocks and, and related to that, the construction of tunnels and underground facilities.
Some of these traditions and findings can corroborate observing the customs of its immediate neighbors, the Zuni and Pueblo Indians, who along with the Hopi are the group of people in the current Arizona. For example, the Zuni, whose temples are underground ceremonial chambers, preserved the cult of the plumed serpent as celestial deity, indicating the Mexican origin of certain elements of their religion to link directly to the image and cult of Quetzalcoatl (identified with Kukulcan and Gucumatz) that it was also feathered and flying serpent, somewhat corroborating the narrations of the Hopi who claim to have established for some time in the area of Yucatan. Zuni They also worship the Katchinas for them messengers and intermediaries between the gods of heaven and humans. Thereby practically identified with -messengers of divinity, that in biblical texts operate under the concept of angels. Another curious fact is that this group of Indians practice the art of painting in dry sand or pollen, in front of their altars for religious ceremonies. The origin of this art is unknown, and it is also practiced in Tibet and among some tribes of Australia.
In their reserve of Arizona, the Hopi Indians still maintain the custom of elaborate masks and puppets called katchina or kachina and strictly follow the way of processing and the same "designs" for many centuries.
Only peace with the earth and the human being can survive only if the human race we are ready to change this possible. The Hopi play an important role in the survival of human beings in their vital communication with the unseen forces of nature to maintain balance, as an example of practical alternative to suicide system created by modern man. The message is simple if a change towards peace does not occur: "The whole world will shake and turn red and will go against those who interfere Mother Earth".
Works in the Reserve of Pampa Galeras with Dr. Felipe Benavides, president of the World Wildlife Fund of Peru (PRODENA)
Anselm Pi Rambla & Bohic Ruz Team collaborated in the Pampa Galeras Reserve with PRODENA (WWF-Peru) and Dr. Felipe Benavides in the preservation of Vicuñas and Guanacos of its extinction.
40 years ago Felipe Benavides Barreda (1917-1991), a successful person in protecting natural heritage, became the first winner of the award “J. Paul Getty Conservation of Wildlife”. Thanks to his interventions could save the vicuna extinction by hunters.
Felipe Benavides, winner of the Paul Getty Award
Contact with natives Piros and Machiguengas
In this expedition to the Peruvian Amazon Rainforest, the Bohic Ruz Team collaborated with the anthropology department of the Complutense University (Madrid, Spain) on an ethnological research of the tribes Piros and Machiguengas of the zone of the Alto Madre de Dios.
These studies were complemented with ecological research in collaboration with the North American biologist Dra. Jane Stern of the department of zoology of the University of California (Davis) and professor of Biology in Berkeley (USA).
With a total of 8679 registered individuals, the Machiguengas constitute 3.62% of the registered indigenous population. This total does not include the isolated population whose volume cannot be determined. Nor does it include the kugapakori already sedentary and established relatively a few years ago in Montetoni and Malanquiato, in Alto Camisea, with a population of approximately 240 individuals. Population estimates considered a minimum of 7000 people (Wise and Ribeiro, 1978) to a maximum of 12000 people for this group (Varese, 1972; Uriarte, 1976).
In 1924, the missionary Navarro estimated its population at only 3000 or 4000 individuals. In the Machiguengas settlements there are an average of 271 people, although those established in the Manu area are smaller with an average of 100 people.
The masculinity index is 104.2, which is below the average registered for the entire census indigenous population. The distribution of the population according to age indicates a large group of children under 15 years of age (49.6%) and only 1.2% over 64 years of age, which characterizes a young and growing population. The crude death rate is 11.29.Bohic Ruz Explorer
Secret transmissions about Chang Shambhalla
Studies and research of Tibetan Buddhism and its secret symbolism in the monastery of Sonada (Darjeeling, India) with the spiritual leader, Kalou Kempo Rimpoche, master of the “Kagyupa” and one of the few who know the teachings of the Kalachakra "Wisdom of fire"
In 1980 I was in the monastery of Sonada (Darjeeling, India), researching and studying Tibetan Buddhism and its secret symbolism with the spiritual leader Kalou Kempo Rimpoche, master of the Kagyupa and one of the few who know the teachings of Kalachakra called "the wisdom of fire". The Kagyupa lineage is one of the four main lineages of Tibetan Buddhism who has the complete knowledge of the ancient teachings (Nyingma) that reached Tibet in the past. These teachings were given by the historical Buddha Sakyamuni, and the lamas have been preserved to this day in pure and authentic form by direct transmission from master to disciple. One of the things that impressed me most and marked for all studies of the Tibetan tradition, inherited of shamanism Bönpo, Lamaism and Buddhism, was the information that the master Rimpoche gave to me about the existence of a sacred place, a kind of underground paradise inhabited by highly evolved beings and possessors of great knowledge called “Chang Shambhalla”, a Hidden Kingdom inacesible to our humanity located on the borders of Central Asia and ruled by a King of the world. In Tibet Chang Shamballa is considered the original source of the Kalachakra, the largest and most esoteric branch of Tibetan mysticism. For over 900 years, Tibetan lamas have been studying and practicing this science with occult meditation techniques. Rimpoche was initially very unwilling to inform me of this secret but at last he gave me their knowledge about what they knew of this sacred place. He said that there were two "Shambhalla´s” one was terrestrial and and other one was celestial, being the terrestrial a copy of the celestial in a remote and vague place in Asia. In India this terrestrial center is called "Kalapa" and in the old Russia "Bielovodye", the Land of the wihte waters. In all these studies I discovered that the most secret and sacred texts described by the great lamas, was also mentioned another place that was confused with the Asian terrestrial center called Chang Shambhalla, a place they said located beyond the Great Ocean (sic),far from Tibet, in a mythical Ancestral land, a land inhabited by highly evolved beings that possess great knowledge.
Research on Arthur Posnansky's work at the ruins of Tiahuanaco
When the conquest of Peru by Pizarro, the Incas claimed that Tiahuanaco had never known anything but ruins. Their elders and sages claimed it was the city of the first men of the Earth, which was created by the god Wiracocha. Arthur Posnansky, begginings of the century, was the first to propose a dating of Tiahuanaco based on the alignments of the monoliths at certain star positions. He found that the angle at which the horizon of Tiwanaku was in the time of its construction (obliquity of the ecliptic, not to be confused by with the phenomenon of precession) was 23º 8'48'' and corresponded to an undetermined date around 15,000 BC During the years 1927-1930, scientists from other disciplines checked carefully Posnansky investigations. These scientists, members of a powerful group who also studied many other archaeological sites in the Andes, were Dr Hans Ludendorff, then director of the Astronomical Observatory of Potsdam, Dr. Friedrich Becker of the Specula Vaticanita, and two other astronomers: the Professor Arnold Kohlschütter, University of Bonn, and Dr. Rolf Muller of the Astrophysical Institute Potsdam After three years of meticulous work, the scientists concluded that Posnansky was basically right, and the proposed date of 15,000 BC It was within the limits of the possible. Posnansky developed a theory that an advanced civilization populated America much earlier than most experts assumed that civilization and died after a devastating cataclysm. And inevitably emerged a name to explain the cultural origin of Tiahuanaco: Atlantis.
That was his mistake. The conclusions of Posnansky were cornered because of the scientific academy on that damned continent.
According to some Andean traditions tell us that the original name of Tiwanaku was "CHUCHARA" and that there were two cities one below the other, the main underground. In the living area workers and workshops they were. The underground city would give us the key to a remarkable civilization, dating back to the early days. It was acceded to it by several entrances that ended at the site of Tiwanaku. Without ruling out or belittle these ancient traditions and adding the data collected during many years of research by our team Bohic Ruz, we think that at a depth between 10 and 25 meters, there is another Tiahuanaco. We agree with the investigations and conclusions of Oswaldo Rivera (INAR former director of the Institute of Archaeology of Bolivia). We think it might be a huge sunken city, which must accommodate the unique culture of the place. We currently don’t have sufficient evidence because it has been excavated only 5% of its surface. To date there are five periods for Tiahuanaco detected, and there is an obvious relationship to each other. But still we do not know if will be a pre-tiahuanaco culture.
The search of archaeological treasures is what has motivated most of the expeditions to Lake Titicaca. In this case, the figure of William Mardoff American diver, hired in 1956 by a Bolivian millionaire to rescue a supposed hidden treasure to be found among silt and abundant aquatic vegetation. After a long search, did not find any treasure but Mardoff described details of "a city submerged of Titans that is partially covered by mud and algae." In 1968, Argentinean Ramón Avellaneda led the expedition called Fer de Lance. The large number of photographs and films were achieved and the strongest evidence of the existence of submerged cities in the sacred lake. Divers who made up this underwater mission found huge monolithic stones assembled together, forming walls, similar to those of Sacsayhuaman. They also found perfectly paved roads with huge stone slabs that were lost in the mud and algae. Analyzed the photos, they reached the conclusion that it was megalithic ruins. In 1979, while the film The Sacred Lake, is filmed under the direction of researcher Hugo Boero Rojo, the team found "similar to the fortress of Sacsayhuaman Cyclopean embankments". La Paz newspapers published on December 4, 1980 statements divers: "monumental stone blocks that appear to be half-destroyed walls of temples, paths that are lost in the deep caverns, roads that go deep into the depths were found from the lake". The most ancient traditions of the Kipus match Mardoff discoveries, Avellaneda, Squier and Boero. In chronic "Copacabana of the Incas", of Baltasar Salas, reference is made to "purple imponderables, because they never were so sublime, nor ever will again be on like them Earth," a sort of "planted orchard by the same God from the first day of the Universe, and embedded in the crisp mountain slopes triform Ariccaxxa perpetual snows and Illamphu, and Aukyuma and Ccanawiri ". And he adds: "They can never narrate these beauties magnificence, or the same cherubes (cherubim) that kept spotless until the flood, phenomenal whose waters the had become cenotaphs fateful flattened and covered by the lake Intiwara or Tharip-wira-Ccocha".
Lake Titicaca, located almost 4000 meters altitude in the Andes between Bolivia and Peru, remains of civilizations of more than 2000 years are hidden below the lake that a revolutionary plan of underwater archeology is trying to reveal.